In the systems sciences community, recent research has aimed to bridge the domains of services systems and natural systems. Two key directions have emerged: (i) extending the theory of the offering with the language action perspective; and (ii) appreciating regime shifts, ecological resilience and panarchy from the perspective of supply side sustainability. Collaboration between systems scientists (as the ISSS) and systems engineers (at INCOSE) has led to a re-examination of the meaning of systems and science.
David Ing, "Service Systems, Natural Systems: Systems Approaches to Urban Issues", City Sciences Workshop on Finding Connections Towards a Holistic View of City Systems , University of Toronto, October 11, 2012.
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