Video and audio recordings of my lecture for the Urban Systems course at Aalto University in February have now been produced. While I was in Finland teaching in another department, I was asked to lecture on Smarter Cities.
Here’s the abstract that was sent in advance:
The popularization of the Smarter Cities movement coincided with IBM’s campaign originating from 2009. The Smarter Cities ideas was an outgrowth from the Smarter Planet initiatives, which had emerged from the IBM Global Innovation Outlooks beginning in 2004.
This speaker was a consultant at IBM involved in Smarter Cities engagements, while simultanously conducing research into Service Systems Science.
The evolution of ideas both outside and inside IBM are reviewed, through a history of (i) systems sciences; (ii) service science, management, engineering and design (SSMED), (iii) service systems science; and (iv) smarter planet and smarter cities. Looking forward, the prospects for the (v) cognitive era and a (vi) service systems thinking is outlined.
… digital and physical infrastructures of the world are converging.
Three advances in technology are driving this change.
The world is becoming instrumented: transistor technology is embedded in the mobile phones of 4 billion mobile subscribers today, and there will be 30 million RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tags within 2 years.
The world is becoming interconnected: the Internet not only means 2 billion people connected person-to-person, but also the ability for instruments / devices to connect machine-to-machine.
Things are becoming more intelligent: since instrumented devices generate data that can be stored and analyzed, advanced analytics enables intelligence that can be translated into action — with nearly-continual real-time updates streaming from supercomputers.
The talk continued with a discussion about how much waste — in energy, gridlocked traffic, supply chain inefficiencies, unsystemic healthcare, and water usage — in the physical world might be reduced through acting smarter. In the pure information world, financial institutions were able to spread risk, but not track risk, which undermined confidence in the markets.
I follow the ideas coming from IBM more closely than most people. I’ve also had the benefit of studying businesses for three decades(!) in various academic contexts. This has led me to reflect on the conjoined ideas on technology and business that have coevolved with me over the past decade. Some significant themes have included:
1. e-business (1997) and sense-and-respond organizations
2. On demand business (2003 – 2004) and inter-organizational governance
3. Innovation that matters and complex systems (2006) and the science of service systems
4. Converging digital and physical infrastructures (2008) and systems modeling language
Formal, historical records of IBM’s directions are clearly documented in annual reports. I’m not an IBM executive, so my academic research is unlikely to impact corporate reports. However, it’s undeniable that my continuing on-the-ground engagements with clients and ongoing conversations with key thinkers inside IBM have shaped the way I see the world. From an academic perspective, I’ve moved closer to Normann (2001) in the view that economic progress is related to technological progress.
The effect of technology is — and always has been — to loosen constraints. As a result of technological development, what was not possible becomes possible. Or what was not economically feasible becomes so. [p. 27]
Each of the four themes are described below. Three themes are historical perspectives. The fourth continues to emerge with my current ongoing research. Read more...(3296 words, estimated 13:11 mins reading time)
Doing cultural anthropology in Las Vegas on a Saturday night. First registered for World of Watson conference, then Viet dinner, fire-breathing praying mantis at Downtown Container Park, and joined the crowds watching zipliners overhead and street performers on the ground. With many people dressed for partying, sometimes hard to separate visitors from vendors. (Fremont Street, Las Vegas, Nevada) 20161022
Santa Teresa County Park: Afternoon walk to clear minds from conversation on cognitive systems and service systems. Singing chairs art installation past small gate on trail outside IBM Research Almaden building. Mary Edson, Gary Metcalf, Stuart Kauffman, Susu Nousala, Stephen Kwan, David Ing, Jim Spohrer. (Santa Teresa County Park, San Jose, California) 20161021
Rengstorff: Gratitude to nephew for providing temporary home for researchers, and venue for dinner with local family and friend. Menu included poached fish because farmed Canadian salmon because cheaper than at home, and yam noodles with fresh oyster mushrooms and woods ears. Evening scheduled a little early, full day meeting tomorrow. (Rengstorff, Mountain View, California) 20161020